Lehmann Henschke - Person Sheet
Lehmann Henschke - Person Sheet
Immigration16 Nov 1884, ‘Hesperus’10264,46336,46337 Age: 36
South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Wednesday 22 October 188446337

The sailing ship Hesperus, which left  
Plymouth on August 15, bound direct to
Adelaide, is expected to arrive within
the next few days. The immigrants
on board are classified as follows:—
Colonial passage certificate holders— English,
143 ; Scotch, 26½ ; Irish, 143 ; foreign States,
10½. Colonial full-paid passage, certificate
holders— English, 8 ; - United Kingdom
assisted passages, 3 ; ditto free passages, 57.
There are in ail 450 souls, equal to 391 adults,
108 being children under twelve years of age.
Married Couples.— Allen, William (sawyer), Flora,
Frederick, William, George H. ; Barry. Wm. (wheel-
wright), Honoria, Johanna, David, Andrew,
Michael ; Bowler, Wm. (tailor), Norah, John,
Edward; Brittle, Edward (ag. labourer), Annie,
Mabel, Lilly, Arthur, Florence, Bessie; Brown,
John (bricklayer), Hannah, Hannah M. C. ;
Cartledge, Cornelius (bootmaker), Mary A., Ada,
Emily, Hetty ; Clark, George watchmaker), Fanny,
Helena, Harriet ; Clarke, Thomas (greengrocer),
Sophia ; Doman, Wm. (ag. labourer), Ann ;
Evans, Thomas (ironworker), Jane ; Gill,
Richard (pick - and - shovel labourer), Eliza-
beth, Frederick G., John E., Elizabeth
A. ; Gordon, Charles P. (baker), Matilda,
Charles J., Matilda; Gullis, William (shepherd),
Anna ; Hassall, James (paviour's labourer), Harriet,
Thomas W., Martha, Nellie, James H., Elizabeth
H. ; Hobby, Henry (joiner), Elizabeth, Annie, Emily,
Benjamin, Harry, Robert ; Hopgood, William A.
(labourer), Mary E., Thomas J., Amelia, Emily M. ;
Hossach, John S. (sailmaker). Margaret, Mary H.
O., and Robina Henderson; Hunter, James (wheel-
wright), Sabina, James, Robert, Isabella; Isaac,
Joseph (carpenter), Mary; Jenkins, John (ag.
labourer), Eliza, James; Lynch, John (ag.
labourer), Margaret, Caroline, Mary; McEl-
hinny, James (ploughman), Hannah, John, Mary,
Eleanor, Lizzie, James, William, Thomas ; Moloney,
Michael (ag. labourer), Bridget, Kate, Mary M.;
Muenzberg, Carl (mason), Wilhelmina, Ambrose,
Paul, Franziska, Hesperus E.
; Pelgrave, John (ag.
labourer), Caroline, Robert, William; Pel-
grave, John (ag. labourer), Annie; Robertson,
Thomas (mason), Janet, William, Isabella, Peter ;
Saunders, Thomas (teamster), Sarah, Maria, Sarah
E., Joshua; Smith, George W., Elizabeth, Eliza-
beth, Margaret, Thomas H. ; Sweetman, Thomas
(mason), Elizabeth, William, Mary; Waldron,
William (ag. labourer), Ann, William, J.; Wiggins,
Arthur (ag. labourer), Anna, Laura ; Williams,  
David (ag. labourer), Catherine, James H., Eliza-
beth A.; Worley, Thomas (ag. labourer), Elizabeth,
Single Men.— Aarons, Mark, Solomon, and Alfred
(boot-clickers) ; Addy, Joe (engine-cleaner) ; Alli-
son, Alexander (builder's labourer); Brazier, Ben-
jamin R. (paperstainer) ; Brittle, Edward (with
parents) ; Broderick, John (ag. labourer), Buchanan,
Donald J. (joiner) ; Burke, James (ag. labourer) ;
Bourke, John (do.) ; Burke, Michael (do.);
Capper, Henry (do.); Carney, Patrick and
Michael (do ) ; Cartledge, Arthur and Herbert
(with parents) ; Casey, John (ag. - labourer ;
Chamberlain, Thos. G. (ordinary do.) ;
Clarke, James (shoemaker); Cleary, Chris
topher (blacksmith); Colling, Patrick (ag.
labourer) ; Condon, John (do.) ; Considine,
Thomas (do.); Cronin, John and Patrick
(do.); Cunningham, Michael (do), Daly, Denis
(ag. labourer); Danahar, Edmond (do.); Dar-
ling, Thomas (ordinary do.) ; Davies, Herbert  
(plumber's do.); Doohan, John (ag. labourer);
Eacott, William (no occupation) ; Edward, George  
(ag. labourer); Eagan, Patrick (baker); Michael
(pick-and-shovel labourer) ; Erickson, Matthew W.
(do.); Finnell, Patrick and Patrick J. (farmers);
Flanagan, John (ag. labourer) ; Fox, John (plate-
layer); Garahy, Patrick (ag. labourer); Gawie,
Paul (farmer) ; Geoghegan, Patrick (ag. labourer);
Giercke, Gustav (do.); Gill, Richard T. and
William R. (with parents); Glynn, Patrick
(ag. labourer); Graham, George (do.); Griffin,
Patrick (do.); Hanifan, Cornelius (do.); Hargen,
John (do); Harper, William J. (with parents);
Holmes, David (ag. labourer) ; Hunt, William E.
(ironmoulder); Kennedy, Michael and Thomas (ag.
labourers); Kennedy, Thomas and James (do.);
Kinsella, Thomas (do.) ; Lee, Joseph J. (spinner),
Patrick (ag. labourer) ; Linane, Michael and Thomas
(do.) ; Lynch, John G. (with parents) : McGowan,
Thomas (ag. labourer); McKinnon, Ewen (do.) ;
McLean, Donald (blacksmith); McMahon, John
(ag. labonrer) ; McNamara, John (do.) ;
McRae, George (carpenter); Magee, Patrick
(ag. labourer): Moran, Bartley (do.); Mollane,
Peter (do.); Mullin, Michael (do.); Mulvihill,
Martin (do.); Newendorff, Otto (photographer);
Nowlan, John (ag. labourer); O'Connell, James
(do.) ; O'Connor (do.) ; O'Donnell, James and Roger
(do.); O'Hea, Patrick (do.); Ohlson, Wilhelm (pick-
and-shovel labourer) ; O'Reilly, Philip (ag. labourer);
Payne, George and John (do.) ; Peril, Stephen (do.);
Pelgrave, George and Edward (do.) : Reynolds, Ber-
nard (do.) ; Rice, Denis and John (do.) ; Robertson,
Daniel (do.); Roper, Frederick (draper); Ryan,
Patrick (ordinary labourer); Sayers, James (ag.
do); Scammell, Denis and John (do.); Seamen,
Alfred (bootmaker); Shanahan, Patrick (ag.
labourer); Siney, Michael (do.); Singleton (do.):
Smith, John (do.) ; Smith, William, Thomas, and
John (do); Stratford, Thomas (plumber and
painter) ; Symons, Michael J. (ag. labourer), James
H. (miner) ; Turner, Arthnr (baker) ; Walsh, John
(ag. labourer); Wik, Johann (pick-and-shovel
labourer) ; Wynne, Martin (ag. labourer) ; Young,
James (blacksmith). Total, 115.
Single Women and Wives (with children) coming to
their Husbands— Crockford, Miss Sarah (Matron) ;
Aarons, Sarah (wife), Jessie, Rose, Rebecca, Henry,
Isadore, and Leah; Aarons, Louisa (boot machinist);
Addy, Alice (wife), Henry, Mary A. Mason;
Ashweek, Kate (cook) ; Barry, Margaret and Mary
(dom. servants) ; Bartlett, Ada (do.) ; Bowen, Eliza-
beth (do.); Bradbeer, Elizabeth and Emily (chil
dren); Brazier, Elizabeth and Esther (dom.
servants); Welch, Walter H. (child); Bromwich,
Jane (nurse) ; Burke, Bridget (dom. servant) ; Butt,
Rebecca (cook); Byrae, Elizabeth (do.); Callow,
Sarah (dom. servant); Cartledge, Agnes (do.);
Christian, Jemima (do.); Charley, Florence (do.);
Clancy, Anne (do.): Clarke, Martha E. (do.); Clinch,
Mary (do.) ; Calbert, Elizabeth (do.) ; Collings, Eliza
(housemaid) ; Cordrey, Alice (dom. servant); Cun-
ningham, Margaret (do.) ; Daley, Eliza, Mary, and
Hannah (do.); Cowland, Susanna (general servant) ;
Donce, Kate (dom. do.); Doncey, Annie (cook);
Dean, Louisa K. E. (dom. servant) ; Deeley, Alice
M. (housemaid) ; Demery, Georgina (dom. servant) ;
Dodd, Mary J. (wife) ; Doman, Sarah and Harriet
(dom. servants) ; Doohan, Margaret (do.) : Dunstan,
Caroline and Esther (do.); Finnell, Ellen (do.);
Johanna, Anne and David (children); Flanagan,
Bridget (dom. servant); Flynn, Bridget (do.);
Frazer, Ellen (child) ; French, Jane (dom. servant) ;
Garden, Jane (do.); Geirghty (do.); Gill, Mary
(nurse); Gleeson, Jane (wife), Patrick, James, and
Elizabeth ; Guodt, Emilie (dom. servant) ; Godfrey,
Frances E. (do.) ; Good, Mary A. (do.) ; Gotobed,
Millie (cook) ; Gould, Eliza R. and Mary (dom. ser-
vants); Green, Lydia (nurse); Griffin, Mary (dom.
servant) ; Guy, Isabella J. (do.) ; Hames, Elizabeth
(cook); Harley, Agnes (dom. servant); Harper,
Elizabeth (cook); Harper, Elizabeth (wife); Hat-
chell, Mary (housemaid); Herbert, Julia (cook);
Hirley, Julia (dom. servant) ; Hibling, Annetta
(housemaid); Hilder, Louisa (cook); Howrihan,
Bridget and Margaret (dom servants); Hughes,
Julia (housemaid); Hull, Helena (no occupa-
tion) ; Hume, Margaret (dom. servantt ; Hunt,
Ann (charwoman), Elizabeth, Ernest; J. Arthur,
Sydney, and Annie ; Hurley, Mary E. (cook); John-
son, Johanna (dom. servant); Jones, Susan (do.);
Kearns, Elizabeth (do); Kennedy, Honora and
Mary (do.); Keat, Ellen (do.); Kingston, Eliza (do.);
Klotz, Ernestine (do.): Kyte, Alice, E. (do.); Lahwe,
Bridget and Kate (do.); Laurence, Rosina (do.);
Lawless, Catherine (do.); Lee, Mary(do.); Leigh, Roes
(laundress); Lovett, Miriam (dom. servant.), Lucie
Mary (do.); Lynch, Sarah (do.); McDermott, Eliza
(do.);McDonough,Mary (do);McFadden,Edith (do.);
McGee, Ann (wife) and Graham ; McGowan, Cathe-
rine (housemaid); McHugh, Lauretta (dom. servant);
Mahony, Julia and Mary (do ); Mason, Annie (cook);
Moran, Mary (dom. servant); Morgan, Mary A.
(nurse), Sarah (dom. servant) ; Pasterbrook, Hetty
(child); Mulroney Kate (housemaid); O'Shaugnessy,
Kate (do.); O'Dea, Anne (wife), Mary, and Ellen
(dom. servants), and Eliza, Patrick, and Bridget;
Passmore, Catherine S. (dom. servant) ; Pead,
Florence (do.) ; Pearce, Alice (do.) : Pelgrave, Emily,
Matilda, and Caroline (do.) ; Pocock, Esther F.
(laundrymaid); Power, Bridget (dom. servant);
Pratt, Eliza (do.) ; Ranwell, Selina S. (do.) ; Reilly,
Bridget (do.); Revitt, Teresa (do.) ; Reynolds, Mary
J. (do.) ; Roberts, Mary A. (housemaid); Robertson,
Rachel, Janet, and Elizabeth (dom. servants);
Ruby, Ellen (do. ; Ryan, Mary (housemaid); Sanders,
Priscilla (dom. servant); Sayers, Julia (do.); Shel-
don, Elizabeth (do.); Siney, Mary (do.); Strange,
Louisa (wife), Charles and Beatrice (children), and
Matilda (sister) ; Singleton, Jane, Julia, and Eliza
(dom. servants); Slattery, Kate (do.) ; Smith, Esther
(do.) and Walter; Snee, Catherine (do.); Sohami,
Esther (do.); Spragge, Emma (do.); Stevenson,
Jane (do.) ; Stevens, Jane E. (do.) ; Stuart, Mary
(do.) ; Sovridge, Mary (do.) ; Symons, Margaret J.
(do.) ; Tribbles, Annie (do.) ; Turfrey, Caroline (do.);
Turner, Elizabeth (dressmaker) ; Waters, Alice (dom.
servant) ; Williams, Charity (da) ; Wilson, Emily
(needlewoman); Wood, Janet (dom. servant);
Worley, Elizabeth (housemaid) ; Wright, Margaret
(dom. servant), Christina (nurse), Mary (wife).
Total, 159.  

South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Thursday 20 November 188446336

{By our Special Reporter}  
Rumours having been circulated to the
effect that many of the immigrants by the
Hesperus on Monday had sailed under false
pretences by describing themselves as agri-
cultural labourers when they were not, that
a whole family had abused the nomination
system to get over to Melbourne at a great
saving of expense, and that such little care
had been taken to examine the passengers
that their ranks included even the insane, a
representative from this paper paid a visit
to the ship in order to ascertain what truth,
if any, the rumours contained. It may be
stated at once that a most thorough enquiry
showed that these rumours were grossly
exaggerated. The statement with regard to
the lunatic was the only one which had an
actual substratum of fact, and in that the
lunacy was not developed till Monday
last, when an Irishman 'went off Ma  
head' at the sight of land and showed
undoubted signs of temporary aberration
of intellect. He is an agricultural labourer,
named John Scannell, 28 years of age, who
was thought so much of on the voyage out
that he was made captain of the mess. He
was subjected to the usual medical examina-
tion prior to his departure, and then was ap-
parently in perfect health both of mind and
body. Mr. Duffield, the clerk in the Immi-
gration Office, states that Scannell was nomi-
nated by his brother, Jeremiah Scannell, of
Millicent, as an agricultural labourer. He is
a big burly fellow, and the doctor says he
showed no sign of lunacy whatever on the
voyage out. At the desire of the brother
he was sent on to the police for medical
examination. There has been no insanity
whateyer among his relatives. The alleged
flight to Melbourne of a whole family con-
tained still less of truth, and the circum-
stances which apparently gave rise to the
rumour were as follows :— Among the pas-
sengers was a young married woman
named Strange, who, with two or three
children, came out to join her husband, by
whom she had been nominated. At the time
of her nomination her husband was working
as a blacksmith at Kilkenny. Subsequently
he went into the country, whence he departed
for Victoria some little time since. His wife
expected to join him here, but at present she
does not know even where he is to be found,
She adds that even if she were inclined to go
to Victoria in search of him she has not the
means to do so.
Three single girls— sisters, named Daly
expected to find their father here, as he was
in South Australia when they were nomi-
nated, but he has since gone to Victoria. The
girls were met by Mr. Duffield, and two of
them have been provided with employment
at Port Pirie, where they have gone, while the
third is now at the home awaiting an engage-
ment, if by this time she has not already
found it. Mrs. Strange appears to be well
able to take care of herself pending her
recovery of her husband. She is 32 years of
age and a tailoress by trade, and as an evi-
dence of her smartness it may be mentioned
that she entered the first tailor's shop she
passed in town on her way to the Servants'
Home and at once obtained work.
Owing to the rumours current an official
visit was paid to the Hesperus on Wednes-
day morning by the Commissioner of Crown
Lands (Hon. J. Coles) and his Secretary (Mr.
G. Wright) for the purpose of inspecting the
accommodation provided for the immigrants,
as well as to make enquiries into various
reports justified. He saw Captain Harry and
Dr. Freeland, who assured him that the
single girls were the best specimens of their
class they had ever brought out to the
colonies. Their behaviour had been ex
ceptionally good, and all seemed to be
thoroughly respectable. The married
couples and single men had also not given
the slightest cause for complaint, and
as far, as could be ascertained, the officers
had no reason to believe that the men
as a body were other than agricultural
labourers, or that they had practised any
deception by representing themselves to
belong to that class. They stated that the
Emigration Agent had special instructions
to test whether the representations made by
the emigrants as to their occupations were
correct, and they had every reason to believe
that this test had been applied. The Com-
missioner expressed pleasure at his visit, and
appeared perfectly satisfied with the ex
planations afforded by the officers on board.
The Hesperus is a well-known and favourite
ship with passengers, whether immigrants or
otherwise, her accommodation being of a very
superior kind. Both Dr. Freeland and Miss
Crockford, the matron, express themselves
in very, high terms of the arrangements made
during the voyage, the latter describing them
as wonderful considering the large number of
people on board. The doctor says the sani-
tary arrangements were first-rate throughout,
the ventilation good, and the sleeping accom
modation admirable, the food ample and of
good quality, and no complaints of any kind
had been received. One death occurred,
that of a child a year old, which the matron
states was given over by the doctors be
fore it sailed; but in recompense for this
two others were born. There seem to have
been plenty of amusements on board — con-
certs, lectures, readings, theatricals— and the
crew extemporized a band with drums,
triangles, a flute, and the inevitable con
certina, much, doubtless, to the gratification
of the passengers during the summer nights,
so that although the voyage was somewhat
long it was eminently pleasant. The single
women were berthed aft in extremely com
fortablequarters, to judge by a cursory in
vestigation; the men were placed forward ;
and the married couples, of whom there
were about sixty, were berthed amidships.
There was a piano, or rather a pianette, in
the saloon, and that appears to have been
almost constantly in use. Coming to the
more vital part of the subject, lit may be
stated that all the male immigrants were
nominated, and over forty out of about 160
of the other sex. The bulk were
agricultural labourers, principally Irish,
but other trades were represented. There
was a carpenter, for instance, and
a wheelwright, a joiner, and one or two
engineers. The immigrants have the option
of remaining on board ten days pending the
finding of employment, and last year a con-
siderable number of the men availed them-
selves of this privilege. On the present
occasion, however, not a single one has
remained behind, although the vessel only
arrived ion Monday, all having either ob-
tained engagements or gone to their friends,
where work was to be had. In fact, there
were more applications for married couples
than could be supplied, several billets
being on offer from farmers up country.
As an illustration of the present scar-
city of labourers in the agricultural
districts it may be mentioned that
Mr. John McDonald, farmer, of Snow
town, has written to the Commissioner
stating that he cannot get men to steer his
reaping machine under 30s. to 35s. per week,
and even then they are very independent.
He points out that if the farmers are to make
wheatgrowing pay at the present low prices
they must be able to obtain labour at reason-
ably low rates. The case of the girls is equally
satisfactory. No less than 111 single girls ob-
tained engagements at the Servants' Home,
in Freeman-street, between 10 a.m. on Tues-
day and 4 p.m. on Wednesday, only three
being left. There were forty-one other
women on board, nine of whom came out
in charge of the Matron to find their  
husbands. These were all nominated, were
received, by their friends, and did not
therefore come to the Home for em
ployment. The Matron states that the
girls generally are most respectable, willing
to work and make themselves useful,
thoroughly clean, and altogether a superior
class. They are principally domestic ser-
vants, such as housemaids, parlour-maids,
or cooks, while there are a few laundresses
and nursery-governesses. Two of the latter
class— very intelligent girls— acted on the  
voyage out as teachers to the little ones, of
whom there were thirty-two under twelve,
teaching them to read and write, and other
incidental matters. With two exceptions
— one being an old lady of sixty— all the
grown up ones in charge of the Matron could
read. The girls have expressed themselves
to the Matron and to the Immigration Agent
as extremely pleased with the arrangements
made on their behalf on board, and state
that they were far more comfortable than
they anticipated. They appear at any rate
to have had an exceptionally kind and sym
pathetic Matron to look after their interests.
Death1896, SA46338 Age: 45
ChildrenAmbrose (1878-)
 Paul Ludwig (ca1882-1970)
 Franziska (1883-1884)
 Hesperus E (1884-)
 Johannes Carl (1885-)
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